Ethnobotanical Survey of Plants used in the Management of Hypertension in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

  • T O AJAYI
  • J O MOODY
  • C S ANTHONY

Abstract

Background: Among diseases that affect humans, the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are quite a number of which hypertension is a leading member of the group and a leading contributory cause of death worldwide.
Objective: To identify and document medicinal plants used in ethno-medical management of hypertension in selected communities within Ibadan metropolis. This is with the aim of contributing to a database of plants for future systematic biological and chemical evaluation for possible templates of anti-hypertensive agents and drug leads.
Materials and methods: An inventory of plant species/natural remedies used in folk medicine to manage hypertension in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State was undertaken. Interviews using semi-structured questionnaires and open-ended conversations were conducted among one hundred and seventy-six (176) respondents aged 30 years and above to obtain relevant information.
Results: A total of one hundred and one (101) plants belonging to fifty-four (54) families were identified of which the highest number of plants mentioned belong to family Compositae. The usage profiles of the plants were quantified by the quotation frequency/ mention index.
Conclusion: It was observed that Ibadan is a rich source of plants indicated in management of hypertension. More scientific work especially biological studies are needed to ascertain the efficacy, toxicity, safety and appropriate dosage regimen of these ethno-medicinal remedies.
Keywords: Hypertension, Kigelia africana, Non-communicable diseases, ethnobotanical survey

Published
2019-07-14
How to Cite
AJAYI, T O; MOODY, J O; ANTHONY, C S. Ethnobotanical Survey of Plants used in the Management of Hypertension in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 1, p. 61-73, july 2019. ISSN 2635-3555. Available at: <http://nigjpharmres.com/ojs/index.php/NigJPharmRes/article/view/114>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2019.
Section
Articles

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